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Kahrs wood species and their characteristics

We are not to imagine or suppose, but to discover, what nature does or may be made to do.
Francis Bacon

The company "Kahrs" offers the biggest range of wood floors. A flight of fancy, creative ideas and a hard work over 150 years result in modern Kahrs collections of wood floors, which are sure to be high-quality, fine and natural. In addition, you have an opportunity to choose a floor to your liking, among the most beautiful species from the most exciting parts of the globe. So,...

Ash, Scandinavia

The wood is creamy yellow with very special figuring. Ash is harder than Beech and Oak, but still very resilient (ideal for construction). Density: 680 kg/m3, Brinell hardness: 4.

Beech, Scandinavia

Beech ranges in colour from light cream to medium pink-brown and dark brown. The timber is easy to work and sand; it is a common species for parquet floors. The wood is one of the most moisture-sensitive species, which means it swells and shrinks considerably with changes in moisture. Density: 670 kg/m3, Brinell hardness: 3,8.

Birch, Scandinavia

Also known as "Yellow Birch". Botanical name: Betula Alleghaniensis. The colour varies from whitish cream to reddish yellow. Birch is a stiff wood with excellent shock resistance. It is easy to work and polish, it takes coloured stains easily. Density: 630 kg/m3, Brinell hardness: 2,5.

Cherry, North America

Other names: American Cherry, Black Cherry, Wild Black Cherry. The species ranges in colour from light pink and cream to reddish brown; it will go to dark reddish tones over the years. Cherry is easy to machine and glues well. Cherry is a favorite wood of decorators. Density: 610 kg/m3, Brinell hardness: 3,6.

European Maple, Germany

European maple is yellower than the American variety. However, European maple has a light fresh colour with a tendency to whitish cream. The species is easy to polish. It takes coloured stains easily. Density: 690 kg/m3, Brinell hardness: 3,4.

Hard Maple, North America

This species is also called "Sugar maple", "Canadian maple", Botanical name: Acer Saccharum. It is the national symbol of Canada. The wood colour is creamy white with golden highlights. Hard maple goes to cream tones on exposure to daylight. The wood is easy to treat and polish. Brinell hardness: 4,8.

Jarrah, Australia

One of the most common species of Eucalyptus tree, Jarrah was once called "Swan River Mahogany". Botanical name: Eucalyptus Marginata. The wood colour can vary from salmon-pink to deep red, which also deepens over time. Jarrah is known for its durability and hardness. It is resistant to insect attack. The wood is easy to sand and polish. Brinell hardness: 4,7.

Jatoba, Brazil

Jatoba is also known as "Brazilian or South American Cherry". Botanical name: Hymenaea Courbaril. The wood is exceptionally hard; its colour ranges from salmon pink to reddish brown with dark streaks. Jatoba is a very heavy and strong species, but still resilient, and it is easy to sand and to high-polish. Jatoba floors are beautiful and durable. Density: 840 kg/m3, Brinell hardness: 7.

Merbau, Malaysia and Indonesia

Other names: "Ipil", "Kwila", "Taal", "Intsia Bijuga", "Kalabau", "Hintsy". Botanical name: Intsia Bijuga Palembanica. The wood ranges from yellow to orange-brown, but darkens to reddish brown or brown. Over time, the wood surface seems to be speckled with gold. Used for floors, Merbau is often combined with Oak. Merbau is termite- and fungi-resistant, rot-proof. It has very little movement in response to moisture. Density: 840 kg/m3, Brinell hardness: 4,9.

Oak, Europe

Other names: "Common Oak", "White Oak". Botanical name: Quercus Robur, Quercus Petraea. In fact, there are more than 200 different species of Oak. The wood colour varies from light brown to darker deep tones. The timber is hard and durable, with excellent physical properties. Density: 700 kg/m3, Brinell hardness: 3,7.

Palisander, India

Palisander is also known as "Sonokeling", "East Indian Rosewood", and "Bombay Blackwood". The wood is dark chocolate brown with streaky heartwood. Palisander is a relatively valuable wood: the tree grows very slowly, and reaches its maturity at the age of 200. Palisander has a scarcely noticeable scent. The wood is very hard and fungi-resistant.

Red Oak, North America and Europe

Red Oak ranges in colour from light pink to reddish brown. Compared with White Oak, Red Oak has coarser graining. The northern Red oak is hard and heavy, the southern variety is more porous. Density: 700 kg/m3, Brinell hardness: 3,7.

Rosewood, Africa

Also known as "African Blackwood ", Rosewood has a beautiful red-purple timber with sharply demarcated darker streaks and rose-coloured sapwood. Rosewood is a very dense and hard species, much denser and harder than Oak. Brinell hardness: 4,6.

Teak, India

The timber is yellowish brown with a distinctive figure and dark overtones. It usually has straight graining, but can have wavy shapes. Teak’s natural oils make it rot-proof and durable. It is easy to work and treat. Its hard surface resists impacts. Density: 550-750 kg/m3, Brinell hardness: 3,5.

Walnut, North America, Europe, Asia

This species is also called "American or Black Walnut". Walnut is very suitable to be used in contrast with other light species for interior joinery. The wood is durable, dimensionally stable, and resistant to deformation. The timber is easy to work and treat. Brinell hardness: 3,4.

Sapelli, West Africa

Sapelli, or Sapele, is a large tree, grows up to 45 m high and higher. Botanical name: Entandrophragma cylindricum. The wood dries quickly, with a tendency to deformation, but it is much harder than Mahogany. Sapelli is as durable as Oak, and has about the same bending strength. Sapelli is easy to process and work, but rather difficult to shape and profile. The wood colour is pinky-brown with a tendency to reddish-yellow. Sapelli has a smooth fine graining and a pleasant cedar smell. Density: 690 kg/m3, Monnin hardness: 4,2.

Hickory, North America

The other name is "Carya". Hickory grows very slowly, and reaches its maturity at the age of 300-400. The tree grows to a height of 30-35 m, with a trunk circumference of 1,2 m. The wood is brown-coloured, with light-brown sapwood. The graining varies from straight to wavy, with marked annual rings. Hickory wood is very hard, very stiff, very dense, but suitable for bending. Density: 815 kg/m3, Janka hardness: 1820.